Learn how to make a quilt step by step. I’ll teach you everything about making a quilt, so you can make your first quilt in no time!
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Making a quilt for the first time can be super confusing. Piecing, basting, making a quilt sandwich (what on Earth…?), binding… It feels like there are so many techniques to master and you have no idea where to start.
If you feel confused and overwhelmed with how to make a quilt, don’t worry. I know exactly how you feel because not so long ago I was right where you are now.
That’s why I’ve decided to put together a comprehensive guide on making your first quilt. It will show you every single step of making a quilt.
We have many in-depth articles for each of the steps on the blog, so I’ll link to them wherever I see fit. This way you can get even more information on each step of the process.
Are you ready? We’re diving right in! Let’s take a look at how to make a quilt step by step.
- How to Make a Quilt Step by Step
- Step 1: Choose a Quilt Pattern
- Step 2: Select the Fabric
- Step 3: Gather Quilt Supplies
- Step 4: Make the Quilt Top
- Step 5: Square up the quilt top
- Step 6: Prepare the Backing Fabric
- Step 7: Prepare the Batting
- Step 8: Baste the Quilt for Quilting
- Step 8: Quilt
- Step 9: Trim the quilted Sandwich
- Step 10: Bind the Quilt
How to Make a Quilt Step by Step
Step 1: Choose a Quilt Pattern
The first step in making a quilt is to choose a quilt pattern. You can find quilt patterns in books, magazines, and of course, on the internet. There are so many amazing pattern designers out there who offer their patterns in their online shops (like our little pattern shop here). The great thing about buying patterns online is the fact that you get the download instantly and can access the pattern anytime from your phone or laptop.
There are many different quilt patterns to choose from, including traditional, modern, and contemporary designs. When choosing a quilt pattern, consider your skill level and the amount of time you have available to work on the project.
If you’re a beginner, I recommend sticking to very simple patterns, like our Deep Diving pattern.
Another great option is a simple patchwork quilt made of squares. You can make it using a precut fabric bundle like a charm pack to skip the cutting part of the process. This will make your first project even easier.
If you’re looking to get inspired, we’ve got some great articles with amazing (free and paid) quilt patterns:
- Minimalist Modern Quilt Patterns for modern quilters
- Inspiring Mountain Quilt Patterns for lovers of the outdoors
- Modern Free Scrap Quilt Patterns to use up some fabric scraps
Step 2: Select the Fabric
Once you have chosen a quilt pattern, the next step is to select the fabric that you will use to make the quilt.
Choose High-Quality Quilting Cotton
If you’re a beginner, I recommend you choose quilting cotton as this will surely produce good results. If possible, choose high-quality quilting cotton as this can make a big difference in the finished product of your quilt.
The easiest way to ensure you get good quality fabric is to choose a trusted brand. There are many reputable fabric manufacturers that produce high-quality quilting cottons. Some popular brands are Robert Kaufman, Moda, Riley Blake, AGF, PBS Fabrics, and others.
Choose the Color Scheme
Of course, the other thing to consider when selecting fabric is the quilting color scheme.
Selecting a color scheme for a quilt is an important step in the quilting process. It can greatly affect the overall look and feel of the finished product. When choosing a color scheme, consider who the quilt is for and what colors they like. Also, think about where the quilt will most likely be used. Are there any dominating colors in that space that you want to include in your quilt?
We have some great resources for learning to choose the right colors for your quilt. I recommend you begin by reading our Quilter’s Color Wheel guide. Then take a look at the different quilting color schemes in action with some stunning quilt examples.
Step 3: Gather Quilt Supplies
After you have chosen a quilt pattern and selected your fabric, it is time to gather the necessary quilt supplies. Some of the basic supplies you will need include:
- Rotary cutter, cutting mat, and ruler
- Sewing machine and thread
- Scissors, pins, and needles
- Quilting hoop or frame (if hand quilting)
- Iron and ironing board
- Fabric marking tools
If you’re new to all of this, you might want to check out our list of Quilting Supplies for beginners which will help you figure out which supplies to get first and which can maybe wait a bit.
You may also need additional supplies depending on the quilt pattern and the quilting technique you choose. For example, if you plan to machine quilt your quilt, I highly recommend having a walking foot for your sewing machine.
Step 4: Make the Quilt Top
Once you have your pattern, your fabrics, and your quilt supplies, it is time to cut and piece the quilt top. There are many different techniques that can speed up the process (like strip piecing). But if you’re a beginner, I would recommend following the instructions in the chosen quilt patterns. As you get more experienced, you can start testing different techniques of construction.
1. Cut your fabric
Follow the instructions provided in your quilt pattern to cut your fabric into the correct sizes and shapes. The easiest way to do this is using a rotary cutter, quilting rulers, and a cutting mat, as it produces nice accurate cuts. It also speeds up the process, as you can cut multiple pieces with one single cut. So save those sewing scissors for other sewing projects.
Make sure you are as accurate as possible when cutting. If you’re off by just a little bit it can really cause problems in the next step – the assembly of the pieces.
2. Stitch the pieces together
After you have finished cutting your pieces, it is time to sew them together to form the desired designs. Again, follow the instructions from the pattern you are using to make sure you use the correct order and stitch the pieces together according to the design.
For piecing, patterns usually call for a scant ¼’’ seam. This means that you want your seam to be just a smiiiidge less than ¼’’ away from the edge of the pieces you are sewing together.
A great way to make sure you are using a scant ¼’’ seam is to sew a test piece. Sew together two pieces and measure the distance between the seam and the edge of the fabric. Once you’ve found the perfect position, you can mark that line on the sewing machine (where you need to align the edge of the fabric to get the perfect seam) with a strip of washi tape.
Another option is to use a ¼’’ presser foot. Some sewing machines come with this attachment included. If yours doesn’t you can get a ¼’’ presser foot as an accessory, just make sure you get one that will fit your machine make and model. Even with a ¼’’ presser foot, I suggest you test out the seam allowance and move the needle a bit to the left or to the right if the seam allowance is not to your liking.
Before starting to stitch also check the stitch length setting on your sewing machine. I like to use a shorter stitch for piecing. The default stitch length is usually 2.4, and for piecing, I like to set my length at 1.8.
Depending on the pattern you are making you might be instructed to first piece together individual blocks and then sew those together into the final design. Follow the instructions provided to create the finished quilt top.
3. Press the seams
Pressing seams is an important part of the piecing process because it helps to set the seams and create a crisp, flat quilt top. I always press all my seams as I sew them. This way I know I’ll have nice flat seams throughout the quilt top.
The main thing to remember here is that in quilting, you don’t iron, you PRESS. This means that instead of sliding the iron left and right (which would cause the little pieces and seams to distort), lightly press the hot iron down onto the seam. Then lift the iron and lower it to another part of the seam.
Generally, we recommend pressing the seams to one side – towards the dark fabric. Depending on which pattern you are making, there might be different instructions given for that specific design. Make sure you read the instructions carefully.
Step 5: Square up the quilt top
Before moving on to the next step it is necessary to square up the quilt top. This ensures that the quilt will be flat and even when it is finished.
To square up the quilt top, place it on a large, flat surface such as a cutting mat or table. If you see there is obvious excess fabric (like a big wave going out on one side of the quilt), begin by trimming that off. Otherwise, measure the diagonals to make sure they are more or less the same. (If they’re not, you’ll need to cut off some more fabric on the corners intersected by the longer diagonal.)
Align the ruler with one edge of the quilt top, making sure the ruler is straight and the fabric is flat. Cut along the edge of the ruler with the rotary cutter.
Rotate the quilt top 90 degrees and repeat the process of aligning the ruler and cutting along the edge to trim off any excess fabric. Repeat this until you’ve trimmed all four sides of the quilt top.
Step 6: Prepare the Backing Fabric
Once the quilt top is complete, it is time to prepare the backing fabric. This is the fabric that will be seen on the back side of your quilt.
If you still have to choose your fabric, read our guide on Best Quilt Backing Fabric. Choose a fabric that corresponds to the colors used in the quilt top. For beginners, I recommend using high-quality quilting cotton, although other options are discussed in the article.
First, you will have to figure out how much fabric you need for the quilt backing. We have a great in-depth post that will show you how to calculate and piece quilt backing. And, what’s even better, we even have a super useful Quilt Backing Calculator that will make planning the backing super easy!
The calculator will tell you exactly how much backing fabric you need and also how many seams are required to get the backing big enough for your quilt top.
Generally speaking, you want about 4 extra inches of fabric on each side of the quilt top. So once you’ve figured out the dimensions (again, use the Quilt Backing Calculator to help you out), piece together the pieces using a ½’’ seam allowance. Press the seams and the backing fabric to remove any wrinkles.
Step 7: Prepare the Batting
Batting is the middle layer of the finished quilt and it is what gives the quilt that soft cuddly feel. When choosing what type of batting to use there are different things to consider, so I suggest you read our guide on how to choose batting for a quilt.
To quickly sum up, 100% cotton batting is a good natural choice. You also can’t go wrong with an 80/20 batting (80 % cotton and 20% polyester). It gives you most of the great natural properties of cotton batting at a lower price point.
Batting that you buy in a store is usually much wider than backing fabric, which means that generally, less piecing should be required. Most of the time (for reasonably sized quilts) you’ll only need one (wide) piece of batting cut to the right dimension.
Again, we have a very handy quilt batting calculator, which can help you figure out the required dimensions for your specific quilt top.
Keep in mind that you’ll want your batting to be a bit larger than your quilt top (but slightly smaller than the prepared backing fabric).
Step 8: Baste the Quilt for Quilting
If you plan to send your quilt out for long-arm quilting, you can skip this step.
Otherwise, you will now make the so-called quilt sandwich. This means you will lay out the backing fabric, the batting, and the quilt top. You will temporarily secure them together to keep them in place while quilting.
There are different ways you can do this: using curved safety pins, using a basting spray, or thread basting. All of these are described in detail in our Quilt Basting Tutorial.
To sum it up, here are the steps to baste a quilt:
- Lay out the backing fabric on a large, flat surface, wrong side up. Smooth out any wrinkles or bumps.
- Place the batting on top of the backing fabric, smoothing it out to eliminate any wrinkles or bumps.
- Lay the quilt top on top of the batting, right side up. Again, smooth out any wrinkles or bumps.
- Starting in the center of the quilt, use safety pins or basting spray to secure the layers together. Work your way out towards the edges, spacing the pins or spray every few inches.
- Once the entire quilt is basted, check for any wrinkles or puckers and adjust as needed.
Step 8: Quilt
Many quilters decide to send out their quilt tops to be professionally quilted by a longarmer. This of course saves a lot of time and usually gives you beautiful results. If you choose to go that path then this step (the actual quilting) will be done for you. I recommend you ask your longarmer about how you need to prepare the layers of your quilt, so you get best results.
If you’ve decided to quilt at home, there are two options: machine quilting and hand quilting.
Option A: Machine Quilting on a Domestic Sewing Machine
For machine quilting, I urge you to use a walking foot for your sewing machine. This is a special attachment that allows the layers of fabric to run smoothly through the machine and prevents bunching and wrinkling (which you’ll almost certainly get with a regular presser foot, so do not attempt!!). We wrote a whole article about the walking foot, what it is, and how to use it, so check that out to get a better idea of this handy little tool.
The design of the quilting (how the quilting lines will go) is completely up to you, however, if you’re a beginner, I recommend using a simple linear design with parallel lines going from one side of the quilt top to the other. We have a whole article with 11 straight-line quilting designs that I think are very inspirational and will give you some great ideas.
The process of machine quilting might seem intimidating, but it gets easier every time you do it. If you’re a complete beginner, I highly recommend reading our tutorial on how to machine quilt for beginners. We go into all the details there. But just to give you a feel of how things go, here are the basic steps for machine quilting on a domestic sewing machine using a walking foot:
- Select a thread color and thread your sewing machine with a quilting thread.
- Attach the walking foot to your sewing machine.
- Set your machine to a medium to long stitch length.
- Starting in the middle of the quilt, stitch straight quilting lines from one edge of the quilt to the other. Work your way from the middle of the quilt towards the right edge of the quilt creating quilting lines that are about 1-2 inches apart.
- When you reach the edge, take the quilt out of the machine and rotate it 180 degrees. Now repeat the same process on the other half of the quilt towards the other edge of the quilt.
- Remember to stop and adjust the quilt sandwich periodically, smoothing out any wrinkles or puckers.
Option B: Hand Quilt
Another option is to hand quilt or hand tie the quilt sandwich. This can add a beautiful, handmade touch to your quilt. If you decide to try hand quilting, I recommend checking out some youtube tutorials to get an idea of the process.
This is a traditional technique that I believe takes quite a lot of practice to master, however here are the basic steps to get you started:
- Select a thread color and thread your needle with a quilting thread. Use a quilting needle, which has a small, sharp point and a long, thin shaft.
- Tie a knot at the end of the thread and begin quilting in the center of the quilt. Use a quilting hoop to hold the quilt taut and make it easier to work with.
- Stitch along the seam lines, or create your own quilting design. Use small, even stitches, about 1/8 inch apart.
- Keep your stitches even and consistent throughout the quilt, and be sure to stitch through all layers of the quilt sandwich.
- When you reach the end of the thread, tie a knot and start a new thread. Be sure to tie a knot securely at the beginning and end of each thread to prevent unraveling.
- Continue quilting until the entire quilt is quilted to your liking.
Step 9: Trim the quilted Sandwich
After you’ve quilted your quilt, you can trim off the excess batting and backing fabric to get a perfectly even quilt. If you’ve squared up the quilt top before starting the basting process, this should be fairly easy, as you will only need to follow the edges of the quilt top.
Lay out the quilt sandwich on a cutting mat. Using a long quilting ruler and a rotary cutter, trim the excess batting and backing fabric from the edges of the quilt sandwich. Align the ruler with the quilt top and trim away any excess fabric or batting, being careful not to cut into the quilt top.
Check that the corners of the quilt sandwich are square. Use a quilting ruler to measure and trim any corners that are not 90 degrees.
Step 10: Bind the Quilt
This is the very last step of the process of making a quilt. Binding a quilt is adding a strip of fabric around the edges of a quilt (kind of like a frame). This covers the raw edges of the quilt sandwich and creates a neat finish to your quilt.
There are different techniques for binding a quilt, but no matter which you choose you will first need to make a binding strip. The process of making a binding strip is described in detail in the How To Make Binding For A Quilt tutorial, along with a handy Quilt Binding Size Chart.
To figure out how much fabric you need to make your binding strip, make sure you use our Quilt Binding Calculator.
Once you’ve sewed your binding strip, it’s time to attach it to the quilt sandwich. Here you can choose to do everything by machine – if you do that, follow our Machine Binding Tutorial for beginners.
Another option is to sew the binding strip to one side of the quilt by machine and then finish the binding on the other side by hand.
Whichever technique you choose, you should be left with a perfectly bound and finished quilt. Yaaaay! So exciting, especially if it’s your first!
I hope this (kind of long) tutorial has shed some light on how to make a quilt from start to finish. It’s a lot to describe in one article, but I think it’s nice to have an overview of all the steps, especially for beginner quilters.
If there’s something that you feel I’ve missed or should have described in more detail, please let me know in the comments below. Otherwise, I hope you now have all the information you need to make that first quilt!